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Work-related Risk and Integrity Scale (WRISc) logo
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Work-related Risk and Integrity Scale (WRISc)

Work | Personality | Leadership and Managerial Roles | Work Integrity and Risk

The WRISc is a covert, or personality-based integrity measure developed with the specific aim of minimising a range of negative behaviours that can cause harm to an organisation, or individuals within an organisation. Such behaviours are collectively known as counterproductive work behaviours (CWB).The scales of the WRISc are based on a psychological body of empirical and theoretical research on counterproductive work behaviour, integrity testing, criminal risk and normal risk-taking. Thus, the assessment provides a measure of an individual’s propensity to engage in counterproductive work and risk-taking behaviours.


The WRISc assessment includes the following 12 scales:

  • Aggression-Extent to which individual has difficulty managing internal anger
  • Callous Affect-Degree to which individual is uncaring and indifferent towards others
  • Cynicism-Degree to which individual believes that others are insincere
  • Egotism-Extent to which individual has inflated and aggrandizing sense of self
  • External Locus of Control-Extent to which individual believes that life outcomes are controllable
  • Impulsivity-Degree to which individual’s behaviour is influenced by impulses
  • Low Effortful Control-Degree to which individual is ill-disciplined and careless in efforts
  • Manipulation-Extent to which individual makes use of disingenuous practices
  • Negative Affect-Tendency to experience negative emotions such as guilt and anxiety
  • Pessimism-Extent to which individual has negative outlook on life
  • Risk-Taking Behaviours-Degree to which individual seeks varied and intense sensations
  • Rule-Defiance-Degree to which individual is willing to break rules or challenge authority.


The  WRISc  can  be  used  to  predict  counter-productive  work  behaviours aiding screening, selection and recruitment decisions.


  • Interpretive Candidate Report: indicates how the respondent scored on each of the 12 primary scales, with high scores considered potentially problematic
  • Interpretive Practitioner Report: contains the candidate report as well as a report on six multidimensional indices, providing the practitioner an indication of possible risk associated with counterproductive work behaviour(CWB) and criminal tendencies.


The WRISc is a South African-developed product, and was normed within organisations in South Africa. JVR Psychometrics welcomes the opportunity to partner with clients in conducting further research studies in their organisations.

Basic info



Age range

Individuals 18 years and older

Administration time

15 minutes

Comparison group

SA Norms

Language availability


Scoring options

JVR Online/Client Services

Integrated report options


Additional info

Useful links

Bad Apple Case Study (PDF)

© 2023 JvR Psychometrics. All rights reserved.

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